Clinical, sonographic, and epidemiologic features of second-and early third-trimester spontaneous antepartum uterine rupture: A cohort study

Zvi Vaknin, Ron Maymon, Sonia Mendlovic, Oshri Barel, Arie Herman, Dan Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To present prenatal findings and maternal and neonatal outcomes following second- and early third-trimester spontaneous antepartum uterine rupture events in our institute. Method: Charts of patients with full-thickness second- or early third-trimester symptomatic uterine ruptures locally treated between 1984 and 2007 were evaluated. Results: There were seven events involving six women, all requiring emergency laparotomy, and cesarean section (CS). During the study period in our institute, there were 120 636 singleton deliveries (≥22 weeks' gestation), including 5 of our cases, while in 2 cases, the rupture occurred earlier (<22 weeks' gestation). The rupture occurred after ≥1 previous CSs in five cases. Six events were associated with abnormal placentation: placenta previa (n = 3), placenta percreta (n = 1), or both (n = 2). Other associated events included short, interpregnancy (IP) interval (n = 3) and past uterine rupture (n = 2). Pregnant women at gestational age ≥22 weeks, who had the combination of placenta previa, and previous CS (n = 3), had a higher chance for spontaneous symptomatic antepartum uterine rupture when compared to women with placenta previa without a previous CS (OR 29.3, 95% CI 1.5-569.3, p = 0.007). There were no maternal deaths. Three of the five viable neonates survived. Conclusions: Spontaneous symptomatic second- or early third-trimester uterine rupture in nonlaboring women is a very rare, obstetric emergency, which is hard to diagnose. Maternal and neonatal outcomes can be optimized by awareness of risk factors, recognition of clinical signs and symptoms, and availability of ultrasound to assist in establishing diagnosis, and enabling prompt surgical intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-484
Number of pages7
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • Mid-gestation
  • Prenatal diagnosis
  • Ultrasound
  • Uterine rupture

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