Clinical parameters and functional tests are not predictive for in-stent restenosis

Aaron Frimerman, Gad Keren, Uri Rosenschein, Samuel Basan, Hylton Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between clinical parameters and the occurrence of in-stent restenosis in a cohort of patients from the Tel Aviv Medical Center who underwent repeat angiograms for clinical indications following stenting. BACKGROUND: After stenting, recurrences of symptoms or ischemia on functional tests are considered to be clinical signs of restenosis. METHODS: The authors' study group consisted of 149 out of 1469 patients (10%) who underwent stent implantation between 1996 and 1998 and were under clinical follow-up. This group had a repeat angiogram for clinical indications: chest pain or a positive functional test (thallium study or ergometry). RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients (45%) had in-stent restenosis (ISR), 32 (21%) had a patent stent site with a significant coronary atherosclerosis elsewhere requiring revascularization (NTLR), and 51 (34%) had a patent stent site and did not require additional revascularization (PS). Baseline characteristics were similar in all the groups. There was a 63% rate of objective evidence of ischemia in the PS group, similar to the ISR (63%) and NTLR (74%) groups. In the ISR versus the NTLR and PS groups the stents were longer (22 ± 10 versus 17 ± 7 and 16 ± 6mm, p < 0.001) with a smaller diameter (3 ± 0.4 versus 3.3 ± 0.5 and 3.2 ± 0.4 mm, p < 0.05) and a higher rate of multiple stents in the target lesion (34% versus 19% and 14%, p < 0.05) CONCLUSIONS: In the cohort of patients who underwent angiography following stenting for chest pain or a positive functional test, 55% were found to have a patent stent site. The 5% total in-stent restenosis is significantly lower than the rate in angiography-based reports. On the other hand, the group with a patent stent had a higher than expected rate of objective evidence of ischemia. Therefore clinical parameters and functional tests are not predictive for in-stent restenosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-155
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiographic follow-up
  • Clinical follow-up
  • Stent

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