Clinical Implications of Complete Left-Sided Reverse Remodeling With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: A MADIT-CRT Substudy

Andrew Mathias, Arthur J. Moss, Scott McNitt, Wojciech Zareba, Ilan Goldenberg, Scott D. Solomon, Valentina Kutyifa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Clinical implications of complete left-sided reverse remodeling due to cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D), defined as reduction in both left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) and left atrial volume (LAV), are unknown. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the rate and predictive value of complete left-sided reverse remodeling on heart failure (HF) and death events in CRT-D patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) enrolled in MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy). Methods The study population comprised 533 CRT-D patients with LBBB, 212 (40%) with complete left-sided reverse remodeling (above-median change in both LAV and LVESV), 115 (22%) with discordant reverse remodeling (above-median change in only LAV or LVESV), and 206 (38%) with lesser reverse remodeling (below-median LAV and LVESV change). The primary endpoint was HF or death; secondary endpoints included HF alone and death alone during long-term follow-up. Results Patients with complete left-sided reverse remodeling had a significantly lower rate of HF or death than those with discordant reverse remodeling or lesser reverse remodeling (p < 0.001). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models consistently showed a decreased risk for HF and death in patients with complete reverse remodeling compared with discordant reverse remodeling or lesser reverse remodeling (hazard ratio: 0.66 per each group; 95% CI: 0.50 to 0.85; p = 0.002). This finding was similar for HF alone and death alone. Conclusions In MADIT-CRT, >20% of CRT-D patients exhibited discordant reverse remodeling in the left ventricle and the left atrium. CRT-D patients with LBBB and complete left-sided reverse remodeling had a significantly lower risk of HF and death, HF alone, and death alone during long-term follow-up than patients with discordant or lesser reverse remodeling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1268-1276
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume68
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • atrial remodeling
  • bundle branch block
  • heart failure
  • outcomes
  • ventricular remodeling

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