Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of COVID-19 During Pregnancy—a Retrospective Cohort Study

Sarah Dollinger, Rita Zlatkin, Chen Jacoby, Anat Shmueli, Shiri Barbash-Hazan, Rony Chen, Hadas Zafrir Danieli, Shay Sukenik, Eran Hadar, Arnon Wiznitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The course of COVID-19 has been shown to be worse in pregnant women compared with their non-pregnant counterparts. The aim of this study is to share our experience treating pregnant women with COVID-19 and to establish a cohort for future studies of the long-term effects of the disease. We reviewed medical records of all SARS-CoV-2-positive pregnant women who were treated at our hospital for any reason, be it COVID-19 related or not, between April 2020 and February 2021. We extracted data regarding medical history, course of pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal outcomes. A total of 193 SARS-CoV-2-positive pregnant women were treated at our establishment during the study period, half of which were asymptomatic. Sixteen were hospitalized for COVID-19 symptoms, the most common being fatigue/malaise (58%) and cough (48%). Three women required mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation treatment. One hundred forty-four SARS-CoV-2-positive women were delivered during the study period. Of them, 24 (17%) underwent induction of labor, and four (17%) were due to symptomatic COVID-19. One hundred fifteen (80%) experienced vaginal delivery, and 29 (20%) underwent cesarean delivery. Neonatal outcomes were favorable; only 2% of 5-min Apgar scores were < 7, and all umbilical cord pH levels were > 7.1. Six infants tested positive for SARS-CoV-2; they were all asymptomatic, and none required treatment for viral infection. COVID-19 during pregnancy is a disease with potential substantial adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. There is still much unknown regarding the long-term effects of the disease on parturients and their offspring.

Original languageEnglish
JournalReproductive Sciences
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Delivery
  • Neonatal outcomes
  • Pregnancy
  • SARS-CoV-2

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