Clinical and radiological characteristics of patients diagnosed with spontaneous pneumothorax: Treatment options and clinical outcomes. A retrospective analysis 2004 to 2017

Daniel Erez, Lilach Israeli-Shani, Gali Epstein Shochet, Daniel A. King, Mahmood Abu-Akel, Zamir Dovrish, David Shitrit*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) tends to occur in young adults without underlying lung diseases and is usually followed by limited symptoms, while secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) is a complication of a pre-existing lung disease. Surprisingly, for such common conditions, there is a considerable inconsistency regarding management guidelines. Objectives: To evaluate the risk factors for spontaneous pneumothoraxes and to summarize outcomes and complications based on our clinical experience. Methods: This retrospective study group was comprised of 250 consecutive patients older than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with spontaneous pneumothorax and hospitalized at the Meir Medical Center (2004-2017). Data on demographic characteristics, indicating symptoms, chest X-rays, and chest computed tomography (CT) results were collected. Our experience and outcomes were then compared to a large multicenter study. Results: Most of the patients were male (85%) and past or current smokers; 69% presented with PSP, while the rest were SSP. No occupational relation was noted. About 55% of the cases presented with a moderate or large pneumothorax (over 1 /3 hemothorax). Most patients (56%) required chest tube drainage and 20% undergone surgery. Nearly 10% presented with a recurrent pneumothorax with the mean time to recurrence being 11 ± 20 days. Although the length of hospital stay of patients that underwent surgery was the longest P < 0.001 for both PSP and SSP, the recurrence rate was actually reduced, suggesting some benefit for the surgical treatment option. Conclusions: Our experience showed that the traditional approach to the PSP treatment should be further considered, as previously suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-751
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume22
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Practice management
  • Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP)
  • Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP)
  • Surgery

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