Increased platelet reactivity and decreased response to antiplatelet drugs may result in recurrent ischemic events after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We evaluated laboratory response to aspirin in patients with ACS before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and assessed its effect on major adverse clinical events. Sixty-three consecutive patients with ACS were tested for response to aspirin by light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) and the IMPACT-R test (with arachidonic acid) before and 2 to 4 days after PCI and clopidogrel loading. Patients were followed for clinical events up to 15 months from PCI. Response to aspirin improved significantly after PCI and clopidogrel treatment (mean arachidonic acidinduced LTA decreased from 34.9 ± 3.35% before PCI to 15.2 ± 2.2% and surface coverage increased from 2.2 ± 0.27% to 6.2 ± 0.6%, p <0.0001 for the 2 methods). Improved response to aspirin after PCI correlated with response to clopidogrel (LTA and IMPACT-R, p <0.01). Patients with good laboratory response to aspirin before but not after PCI had a significantly lower major cardiovascular event rate during 15-month follow-up in multivariate analysis. In conclusion, laboratory response to aspirin is highly dynamic in patients with ACS. Improved response to aspirin after PCI may result from stabilization of coronary artery disease and/or clopidogrel treatment. Laboratory response to aspirin before PCI and clopidogrel loading is a sensitive marker for platelet reactivity that correlates with clinical outcome in patients with ACS.