Clinical and molecular features of NDM-producing Acinetobacter baumannii in a multicenter study in Israel

Amos Adler*, Hiren Ghosh, Andrea Gross, Amit Rechavi, Michal Lasnoy, Marc V. Assous, Yuval Geffen, Basel Darawsha, Yonit Wiener-Well, Anat Alony, Hajo Grundmann, Sandra Reuter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: NDM-producing Acinetobacter baumannii (NDMAb) were reported sporadically worldwide but little is known about the transmission, epidemiology and clinical features of NDMAb-infected patients. The goals of this study were to characterize (1) the epidemiology and clinical features of NDMAb–infected patients; (2) the microbiological and molecular features of NDMAb isolates and (3) the transmission networks of NDMAb within healthcare facilities. Methods: The study was conducted at the Tel-Aviv Sourasky, Rambam and Sha’are-Zedek Medical centers (TASMC, RMC and SZMC, respectively) in Israel. All cases detected between January 2018 and July 2019 were included. Phylogenetic analysis was based on core genome SNP distances. Clonal transmission was defined according to molecular (≤ 5 SNP) and epidemiological criteria (overlapping hospital stay). NDMAb cases were compared at a ratio of 1:2 with non-NDM carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAb) cases. Results: The study included 54 NDMAb-positive out of 857 CRAb patients, including 6/179 (3.3%) in TASMC, 18/441 (4.0%) in SZMC and 30/237 (12.6%) in RMC. Patients infected by NDMAb had similar clinical features and risk factors as patients with non-NDM CRAb. The length-of-stay was higher in NDMAb cases (48.5 days vs. 36 days, respectively, p = 0.097) and the in-hospital mortality was similarly high in both groups. Most isolates (41/54, 76%) were first detected from surveillance culture. The majority of isolates harbored the bla NDM−2 gene allele (n = 33), followed by the bla NDM−1 (n = 20) allele and the bla NDM−4 allele (n = 1). The majority of isolates were related within the ST level to other isolates in SZMC and RMC: 17/18 and 27/30 isolates, respectfully. The common ST’s were the bla NDM−1 harboring ST-2 (n = 3) and ST-107 (n = 8) in SZMC and the bla NDM−2 harboring ST-103 in SZMC (n = 6) and in RMC (n = 27). All bla NDM alleles were located within a conserved mobile genetic environment flanked by the ISAb125 and IS91 family transposon. Clonal transmission was identified in most hospital-acquired cases in RMC and SZMC. Conclusion: NDMAb constitutes a minor part of CRAb cases and are clinically similar to non-NDM CRAb. Transmission of NDMAb occurs mostly by clonal spread.

Original languageEnglish
Article number52
JournalAnnals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Acinetobacter baumannii
  • Carbapenem
  • NDM
  • Transmission
  • Whole-genome sequencing

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