Classroom environment in computer-integrated science classes: Effects of gender and computer ownership

Tamar Levine*, Smadar Donitsa-Schmidt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Classroom environment in science classes was explored in two groups employing different instructional strategies. The experimental group implemented an instructional strategy which incorporated multimodal computer-based activities with traditional instructional materials in a multitask environment. The control group used a traditional science instruction strategy. A total of 1009 seventh grade students was sampled. Six dimensions of class climate were examined: cognitive involvement, scope and novelty of science tasks, peer relations, computer contribution to learning, student responsibility, and student-teacher relations. The results showed that for all climate dimensions, with the exception of student-teacher relations, students in the experimental group perceived their classroom in a more positive light than did students in the control group. The most meaningful differences between the two groups were observed in the climate dimensions relating to the degree of student involvement in the learning process and the perception of their own responsibility for learning. Interaction effects of gender, computer ownership and instruction were found, suggesting that the computer-integrated classroom has the potential to reduce differences in student perception regarding the positive roles computers can play in science learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-178
Number of pages16
JournalResearch in Science and Technological Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 1996


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