Class II antigens of the major histocompatibility complex are increased in lungs of bleomycin-treated rats

David Struhar*, Joel Greif, Ronald J. Harbeck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The expression of class II molecules (Ia) of the major histocompatibility complex by isolated alveolar macrophages (AM) and alveolar type II cells from the lungs of rats with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis was examined. The percentage of Ia-positive AM and type II cells from rats treated with bleomycin as detected by flow cytometry was increased three times and two times, respectively, over the values obtained from control rats. The relative density of Ia expression, determined with a radioimmunoassy technique, showed a 50% increase in Ia density on AM and a 35% increase on type II cells. Recombinant interferon-γ increased the expression of Ia on type II cells in vitro by 35% to the level obtained on type II cells in bleomycin-induced lung disease. We conclude that the increase of Ia expression on cells of the immune system and on pulmonary epithelial cells may have an important role in the initiation and/or amplification of inflammatory reaction in the lung and may contribute to the development of pulmonary fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-201
Number of pages5
JournalImmunology Letters
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alveolar macrophage
  • Alveolar type II cell
  • Bleomycin lung
  • Class II antigen

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