Partial, unilateral lesions of the nigro-striatal tract were produced in rats by injecting various quantities of 6-hydroxydopamine into the substantia nigra. The extent of each animal's lesion was estimated by comparing tyrosine hydroxylase activities in its lesioned and control striata. L-DOPA and apomorphine induced contralateral (i.e., away from the lesion) circling behavior only in rats in which more than 90% of the nigro-striatal system had been destroyed. In contrast, d-amphetamine caused turning in the ipsilateral direction when as few as 50% of the nigro-striatal neurons had been destroyed.
- Circling behavior
- Nigro-striatal neurons