Chronological networks in archaeology: A formalised scheme

Eythan Levy*, Gilles Geeraerts, Frédéric Pluquet, Eli Piasetzky, Alexander Fantalkin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a new methodology for modelling chronological data in archaeology. We introduce the concept of “chronological network”, a flexible model for representing chronological entities, synchronisms between them, and other chronological constraints such as termini post/ante quem and duration bounds. We propose a procedure for checking the consistency of a chronological network and for refining dating estimates from the available synchronisms and constraints. We introduce ChronoLog, a chronology software application that allows users to build a chronological network interactively. The software automatically checks the consistency of the network and computes the tightest possible chronological range for each entity, within seconds. ChronoLog is freely available online at

Original languageEnglish
Article number105225
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Algorithms
  • Archaeological dating
  • Archaeology
  • Chronology
  • Computational archaeology
  • Formal methods
  • Quantitative methods


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