Surgical cure of right ventricular tachycardia (RVT) has been recently described in patients with "arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia," a disease characterized by abnormal electrical activation of the right ventricle and localized or generalized angiographic right ventricular (RV) wall motion abnormalities (WMA). In search of a selective RV cardiomyopathy complicated by chronic recurrent RVT, 38 consecutive patients (mean age 30.5 ± 12 years) with RVT and no ischemic heart disease were studied clinically, noninvasively, and by cardiac catheterization including left and right ventriculography. RV volumes were as follow: end-systolic volume ranged from 23 to 103 (mean ± SD, 45.8 ± 20) cc/m2 and was abnormal in 14 patients (37%); end-diastolic volume ranged from 57 to 138 (90.5 ± 26) cc/m2 and was abnormal in 15 patients (39%); ejection fraction (EF) ranged from 0.18 to 0.64 and was decreased in five patients (13%). Seventeen patients (45%) had abnormal RV volume, EF, and/or pressures (RVD), five (13%) of whom had abnormal LV volume, EF, and/or pressures (LVD), and 12 (32%) patients with RVD had no LVD. Twenty-one patients (55%) had no RVD, two of whom had LVD. Only two of the 17 patients had RV regional WMA, one with and one without LVD. Most patients with LVD five of seven (71%) also had RVD while 12 of 31 patients (39%) with no LVD had RVD. In conclusion, less than one half of patients with RVT had selective RV cardiomyopathy and more than one half of patients with RVT had normal RV hemodynamics and angiography.