Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting

Amram Cohen*, Michael Katz, Ramah Katz, Eli Hauptman, Arieh Schachner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Between June 1991 and June 1993, 651 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting: 37 patients (group I) had significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These patients were compared with 37 matched control subjects (group II). Comparison of the groups was made with regard to postoperative morbidity and mortality. Quality of life of survivors was compared at the last follow-up. More patients in group I had preoperative arrhythmias (8 versus 1, p = 0.014). Group I patients had lower values of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (1.366 ± 0.032 L versus 2.335 ± 0.49 L, p < 0.0001), lower oxygen tension (63.5 ± 8.2 versus 79.1 ± 13.4 mm Hg, p = 0.001), and higher carbon dioxide tension (44.8 ± 6.5 mm Hg versus 39.7 ± 3.6 mm Hg, p = 0.001). After operation patients in group I had a longer hospital stay (8.1 ± 3.6 days versus 6.6 ± 1.7 days, p = 0.0236) and longer intensive care unit stay (2.64 ± 0.9 days versus 1.23 ± 0.49 days, p = 0.0001). More patients in group I required prolonged intubation (7 versus 1, p = 0.0278) and reintubation (5 versus 1, p = 0.088). More patients in group I had significant arrhythmias (27 versus 9, p < 0.0001). During a 16-month follow-up period, five patients in group I died, whereas none in group II died ( p = 0.0271). Four deaths were related to arrhythmias. More group I patients were not functionally improved by the operation (17 versus 3, p = 0.0056). The results of coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were not favorable in midterm follow-up. A major cause for morbidity and mortality was postoperative arrhythmias. (J THORAC C ARDIOVASC S URG 1995; 109: 574-81).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-581
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume109
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995
Externally publishedYes

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