Chromosome analysis of multipronuclear human oocytes fertilized in vitro

E. Rudak, J. Dor, S. Mashiach, L. Nebel, B. Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In an in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer program composed mainly of patients with tubal infertility, the incidence of fertilized oocytes with multiple pronuclei was 4.3%. An attempt was made to fix such oocytes with supernumerary pronuclei in order to assess the chromosome constitution of the gametes. Nine multipronuclear oocytes containing a total of 29 pronuclei were successfully fixed before the first cleavage division. On analysis, chromosome counts could be obtained for 28 of the 29 total pronuclei, and 24 gave informative results. Nineteen pronuclei had a normal haploid chromosome count, 2 pronuclei contained one extra chromosome, and 3 pronuclei had one chromosome missing. The presence of a Y chromosome in six pronuclei identified their paternal origin; two of the six sperm pronuclei had a 22,Y,-E chromosome constitution. Only three pronuclei could be conclusively ascertained to be maternal in origin, yet two of these were aneuploid; one pronucleus had a 24,X,+D karyotype and the second had only 22 chromosomes. Multipronuclear oocytes present ideal material for analyzing the chromosome constitution of those human gametes which can undergo fertilization in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-545
Number of pages8
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1984


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