PURPOSE. Choroidal changes before and after anti-VEGF therapy were investigated in eyes with exudative AMD to determine if there was a difference between eyes with macular neovascularization (MNV) that arises from the choroid (type 1 or 2) versus the retinal circulation (type 3). METHODS. Patients with treatment-naïve AMD were imaged with swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography using a 12 × 12-mm scan pattern. The mean choroidal thickness and choroidal vascularity index (CVI) were measured within 5-mm and 11-mm fovea-centered circles before, at the onset of, and after anti-VEGF therapy. RESULTS. Forty-one eyes of 37 patients were included; 24 eyes with type 1 MNV, 4 eyes with type 2 MNV, and 13 eyes with type 3 MNV. Within the 5-mm and 11-mm circles, the mean choroidal thickness and CVI measurements increased from pretreatment to the onset of exudation (P ≤ 0.03). The mean choroidal thickness and CVI measurements decreased from the onset of exudation to after treatment (P < 0.001). No significant changes in mean choroidal thickness or CVI were observed when comparing measurements before or after treatment (P ≥ 0.38). No significant differences in mean choroidal thickness or CVI measurements were observed between eyes with type 1 or 2 MNV and type 3 MNV. CONCLUSIONS. In treatment-naïve AMD eyes with MNV, the choroidal thickness and vascularity increased at the onset of exudation and then decreased after anti-VEGF therapy. This finding suggests that these choroidal changes develop in response to the proangiogenic milieu before treatment and in response to treatment, regardless of the site of origin for the MNV.
- age-related macular degeneration
- macular neovascularization
- optical coherence tomography
- swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography