Cholesterol turnover and metabolism in two patients with abetalipoproteinemia

D. S. Goodman, R. J. Deckelbaum, R. H. Palmer, R. B. Dell, R. Ramakrishnan, G. Delpre, Y. Beigel, M. Cooper

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Total body turnover of cholesterol was studied in two patients with abetalipoproteinemia, a 32-year-old man and a 31-year-old woman. The patients received [14C]cholesterol intravenously, and the resulting specific activity-time curves (for 40 and 30 weeks, respectively) were fitted with a three-pool model. Parameters were compared with those from studies of cholesterol turnover in 82 normal and hyperlipidemic subjects. A three-pool model gave the best fit for the abetalipoproteinemic patients, as well as for the 82 previously studied subjects, suggesting general applicability of this model. Cholesterol production rates in the two abetalipoproteinemic subjects (0.82 and 0.89 g/day) were close to values predicted for persons of their body weight. Thus, total body turnover rate of cholesterol was quite normal in abetalipoproteinemia, confirming previous reports. Very low values (9.2 and 8.4 g) were found for M1, the size of the rapidly exchanging compartment pool 1, in the two abetalipoproteinemic subjects. These values were well below the values predicted (from the comparison study population) for normal persons of this size with low plasma cholesterol levels. For one patient, total body exchangeable cholesterol was very low, although not significantly below the predicted values for a person of his size. In the second patient, the observed estimate for total body exchangeable cholesterol was well within the range of values predicted for persons of her size with low to extremely low cholesterol levels. The finding of a normal rate of cholesterol synthesis in abetalipoproteinemia, together with a very small mass of cholesterol in pool 1, suggests that, in normals, a large portion of the exchangeable cholesterol in pool 1 is not involved in the regulation of cholesterol synthesis rates in the tissues that comprise this pool.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1605-1611
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1983


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