Children's need for approval and achievement motivation: An interactional approach

Thalma E. Lobel*, Janine Bempechat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the effects of children's need for approval (nApp) and a situational variable‐frequency of expectancy statements‐on children's achievement cognitions and behaviour. We replicated the Dweck and Gilliard (1975) paradigm, but also mea sured children's nApp. Ninety fifth grade boys and girls stated expectancies either prior to each trial, prior to the first and last trials, or prior to the last trial only. We found that although high and low nApp children lowered their expectancies after failure, high nApp children lowered them less than low nApp children. In contrast, persistence was influenced only by the frequency of expectancy statements and not by children's nApp. The results are discussed in the context of the interactional point of view in personality psychology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1993


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