Chewing versus swallowing ticagrelor to accelerate platelet inhibition in acute coronary syndrome - the CHEERS study: For the PLATIS (Platelets and Thrombosis in Sheba) study group

Elad Asher*, Shir Frydman, Moshe Katz, Ehud Regev, Avi Sabbag, Israel Mazin, Arsalan Abu-Much, Andrew Kukuy, Anna Mazo, Aharon Erez, Anat Berkovitch, Michael Narodistky, Israel Barbash, Amit Segev, Roy Beigel, Shlomi Matetzky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It was the study objective to evaluate whether chewing a 180 mg loading dose of ticagrelor versus an equal dose of traditional oral administration, enhances inhibition of platelet aggregation 1 hour (h) after administering a ticagrelor loading dose in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients. Dual anti-platelet therapy represents standard care for treating NSTEMI patients. Ticagrelor is a direct acting P2Y12 inhibitor and, unlike clopidogrel and prasugrel, does not require metabolic activation. Fifty NSTEMI patients were randomised to receive either a chewing loading dose of 180 mg ticagrelor or an equal standard oral dose of ticagrelor. Platelet reactivity was evaluated by VerifyNow at baseline, 1 and 4 h post-loading dose. Results are reported in P2Y12 reaction units. Patients then continued to receive standard 90 mg oral ticagrelor twice daily. Baseline characteristics did not differ between the two groups. P2Y12 reaction units in the chewing group compared with the standard group at 0, 1 and 4 h after ticagrelor loading dose were: 245 vs 239 (p=0.59), 45 vs 130 (p=0.001) and 39 vs 60 (p=0.12), respectively, corresponding to a relative inhibition of platelet aggregation of 83 % vs only 47 % at 1 h (p< 0.001), and 84 % vs 77 % (p=0.59) at 4 h. Major adverse cardiac and cardiovascular events at 30 days were low (2 %), occurring in only one patient in the standard group. In conclusion, chewing a 180 mg ticagrelor loading dose is feasible and facilitates both faster and improved early inhibition of platelet aggregation in NSTEMI patients, compared with a standard oral-loading dose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-733
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume117
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndromes
  • Chewing ticagrelor
  • Inhibition of platelet aggregation

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