Chemotherapy-induced vascular toxicity - real-time in vivo imaging of vessel impairment

Hadas Bar-Joseph, Salomon Marcello Stemmer, Ilan Tsarfaty, Ruth Shalgi, Irit Ben-Aharon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Certain classes of chemotherapies may exert acute vascular changes that may progress into long-term conditions that may predispose the patient to an increased risk of vascular morbidity. Yet, albeit the mounting clinical evidence, there is a paucity of clear studies of vascular toxicity and therefore the etiology of a heterogeneous group of vascular/cardiovascular disorders remains to be elucidated. Moreover, the mechanism that may underlie vascular toxicity can completely differ from the principles of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity, which is related to direct myocyte injury. We have established a real-time, in vivo molecular imaging platform to evaluate the potential acute vascular toxicity of anti-cancer therapies.

We have set up a platform of in vivo, high-resolution molecular imaging in mice, suitable for visualizing vasculature within confined organs and reference blood vessels within the same individuals whereas each individual serve as its own control. Blood vessel walls were impaired after doxorubicin administration, representing a unique mechanism of vascular toxicity that may be the early event in end-organ injury. Herein, the method of fibered confocal fluorescent microscopy (FCFM) based imaging is described, which provides an innovative mode to understand physiological phenomena at the cellular and sub-cellular levels in animal subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere51650
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number95
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Fibered confocal endoscopic microscopy
  • High-resolution animal imaging
  • In-vivo imaging
  • Issue 95
  • Medicine
  • Real-time imaging
  • Vascular imaging
  • Vascular impairment

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