Characterization of antibiotic resistomes by reprogrammed bacteriophage-enabled functional metagenomics in clinical strains

Gábor Apjok, Mónika Számel, Chryso Christodoulou, Viktória Seregi, Bálint Márk Vásárhelyi, Tamás Stirling, Bálint Eszenyi, Tóbiás Sári, Fanni Vidovics, Erika Nagrand, Dorina Kovács, Petra Szili, Ildikó Ilona Lantos, Orsolya Méhi, Pramod K. Jangir, Róbert Herczeg, Bence Gálik, Péter Urbán, Attila Gyenesei, Gábor DraskovitsÁkos Nyerges, Gergely Fekete, László Bodai, Nóra Zsindely, Béla Dénes, Ido Yosef, Udi Qimron, Balázs Papp, Csaba Pál*, Bálint Kintses*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Functional metagenomics is a powerful experimental tool to identify antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment, but the range of suitable host bacterial species is limited. This limitation affects both the scope of the identified ARGs and the interpretation of their clinical relevance. Here we present a functional metagenomics pipeline called Reprogrammed Bacteriophage Particle Assisted Multi-species Functional Metagenomics (DEEPMINE). This approach combines and improves the use of T7 bacteriophage with exchanged tail fibres and targeted mutagenesis to expand phage host-specificity and efficiency for functional metagenomics. These modified phage particles were used to introduce large metagenomic plasmid libraries into clinically relevant bacterial pathogens. By screening for ARGs in soil and gut microbiomes and clinical genomes against 13 antibiotics, we demonstrate that this approach substantially expands the list of identified ARGs. Many ARGs have species-specific effects on resistance; they provide a high level of resistance in one bacterial species but yield very limited resistance in a related species. Finally, we identified mobile ARGs against antibiotics that are currently under clinical development or have recently been approved. Overall, DEEPMINE expands the functional metagenomics toolbox for studying microbial communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-423
Number of pages14
JournalNature Microbiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2023


FundersFunder number
Ambedkar University
Department of Microbiology
European Research Council H2020-ERC-2014-CoG 648364-Resistance EvolutionH2020-ERC-2019-PoC 862077
Hungarian Ministry of Culture and Innovation
National Academy of Scientist Education Program of the National Biomedical Foundation
National Laboratory for Health SecurityGINOP-2.3.2–15–2016–00020, GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016-00035, GINOP-2.3.2–15–2016–00014, RRF-2.3.1-21-2022-00006
National Laboratory of BiotechnologyNKFIH-871-3/2020, 2022-2.1.1-NL-2022-00008
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme739593
Magyar Tudományos AkadémiaBO/00303/19/8, BO/352/20
Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki
Emberi Eroforrások MinisztériumaUNKP-20-5-SZTE-654, UNKP-21-5-SZTE-579
Nemzeti Kutatási Fejlesztési és Innovációs HivatalFK-135245, FK-124254
Nemzeti Kutatási, Fejlesztési és Innovaciós Alap754432, GINOP-2.3.4-15-2020-00010, KDP-17-4/PALY-2021, GINOP-2.3.1-20-2020-00001, ÚNKP-20-3 -SZTE-452, BECOMING-2019–1-HU01-KA203–061251, C992025
Innovációs és Technológiai Minisztérium126506, KKP 129814


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