Soft tissue masses are amongst the commonest complaints encountered in orthopedic practice. Of these, masses found in the hand and the wrist are presented at higher frequency. They are often painful and may cause limitation of movement. This work describes the prevalence and the nature of soft tissue masses in the hand and wrist encountered in routine practice. This work was performed to assess the characteristics of soft tissue mass in the hand and the effectiveness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of soft tissue masses and their differentiation from other lesions in the hand and wrist. Orthopedic surgical conditions that involve soft tissue in the hand and wrist may remain a diagnostic challenge when clinical diagnosis is uncertain and standard X-rays are non-diagnostic. High resolution ultrasound is widely available, non-invasive, without damage of radiation, imaging modality that can help the diagnosis. We reviewed retrospectively 25 patients with soft tissue masses. We compared the ultrasound findings with the histological findings in seven operated patients. A substantial majority of these lesions occurred in the right hand: 79% of the lesions were in the dorsal aspect of the hand, of which 37% were distal to the wrist joint, among them 42% at wrist either radial or ulnar; and 21% of the lesions were found in the volar aspect, among them 17% at wrist aspect, either radial or ulnar side. No predisposing factors could be found. The findings of this study reaffirm the utility of ultrasonography as primary diagnostic tool in routine orthopedic practice.
- Hand and tumor mass