Characteristics of hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking and tempered martensite embrittlement in high-strength steels

N. Eliaz, A. Shachar, B. Tal, D. Eliezer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Characteristics of tempered martensite embrittlement (TME), hydrogen embrittlement (HE), and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in high-strength steels are reviewed. Often, it is important to determine unambiguously by which of these mechanisms failure occurred, in order to suggest the right actions to prevent failure recurrence. To this aim, samples made of high-strength AISI 4340 alloy steel were embrittled by controlled processes that might take place, for example, during the fabrication and service of aircraft landing gears. The samples were then fractured and characterized using light and scanning electron microscopy, microhardness tests, and X-ray diffraction. Fractography was found to be the most useful tool in determining which of these mechanisms is responsible for a failure, under similar conditions, of structures made of AISI 4340 alloy steel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-184
Number of pages18
JournalEngineering Failure Analysis
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2002

Keywords

  • Failure analysis
  • Hydrogen embrittlement
  • Stress-corrosion cracking
  • Structural steel
  • Tempered martensite embrittlement

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