Characteristics and severity of preeclampsia in young and elderly gravidas with hypertensive disease

Noa Rymer-Haskel, Irit Schushan-Eisen, Yigal Hass, Roni Rahav, Ayala Maayan-Metzger, Israel Hendler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Advanced maternal age (AMA) is associated with increased risk for preeclampsia, however, a paucity of data exists regarding the characteristics of the disease in this age group. Our aim was to compare the characteristics and severity of preeclampsia in older and younger gravidas. Materials & Methods: A retrospective, small case control study of women diagnosed with preeclampsia in a single tertiary care center. Nulliparous women ≥40 years old with singleton pregnancies ≥ 24 0/7 weeks' gestation were matched (1:2 ratio) with young (20–34 years old) nulliparous women. Results: The rate of severe preeclampsia (60.9 vs 69.6% respectively), HELLP, eclampsia or the need for magnesium treatment did not differ between the groups. However, the AMA group had an increased rate of postpartum presentation or exacerbation of preeclampsia compared to the control group (50.0 vs. 28.3% respectively, p = 0.01). In the AMA group, 93.5% of births were by cesarean section (CS) compared to 52.2% in the control group (p < 0.0001). There was no difference in birthweight, rate of small for gestational age or composite neonatal morbidity between the groups. Conclusions: Preeclampsia at an advanced maternal age carries a similar rate of severe preeclampsia and complications as in young women. However, women over 40 years old have an increased risk for presentation or exacerbation of preeclampsia in the postpartum period and an increased rate of CS compared to younger gravidas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-125
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume228
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Advanced maternal age
  • Exacerbation
  • Postpartum
  • Preeclampsia
  • Young maternal age

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