Characteristics and prognosis of borderline ovarian tumors in pre and postmenopausal patients

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2 Scopus citations


Objective: To compare patient characteristics, imaging results, surgical management and prognosis of borderline ovarian tumors (BOT) between pre and postmenopausal patients. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort of all cases of histologically verified BOT between 1990–2018, comparing presentation, imaging, surgical procedures and recurrence. Patients were included in the postmenopausal group if they reported 12 months of amenorrhea with or without menopausal symptoms. Results: During this 28 year study period, 66 operations were performed in which BOT was confirmed. Postmenopausal patients were 37–89 years old and premenopausal patients 18–50 years old, with an average age of 63.9 ± 13.4 and 36.2 ± 8.4 years, respectively (p < 0.001). The majority of patients in both groups were diagnosed due to abdominal pain, followed by incidental diagnosis on routine ultrasound. Imaging and CA-125 levels upon presentation were similar. Almost sixty percent of postmenopausal and 26.3% of premenopausal patients underwent laparotomy (p = 0.01), while those who underwent laparoscopy were 35.7% and 60.5%, respectively (p = 0.03). Most postmenopausal patients underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO), whereas premenopausal surgeries involved cystectomy. Nearly all study patients were diagnosed in stage one. Malignant transformation occurred in 7.1% of postmenopausal patients. No malignant transformation was found in premenopausal patients. Conclusion: BOT's present similarly in pre and postmenopausal patients. Postmenopausal patients undergo more extensive surgery, and are diagnosed in early stage disease. Despite a tendency for a more conservative approach in premenopausal patients, prognosis is similar in both groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-698
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020


  • Borderline ovarian tumor
  • CA125
  • Menopause
  • Ultrasound


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