Characteristics and management of generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP): Experience from the Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) GPP Expert Network

P. Wolf*, R. Ceovic, C. Conrad, K. Falkensteiner, T. Graier, M. Kołt-Kamińska, M. Marovt, V. Mateeva, J. T. Maul, A. A. Navarini, A. C. Nicolescu, G. Ratzinger, L. Pavlovsky, M. Sanzharovskaya, A. Szegedi, A. Reich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a rare, inflammatory skin disease characterized by widespread eruption of sterile pustules with or without systemic symptoms. Objectives: This study aimed to describe the demographics of patients with GPP in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), present the clinical characteristics of individual GPP flares and explore the current treatment landscape. Methods: Patient demographics were collected at the times of last observation and previous treatment. Characteristics of a patient's last (most recent) and most severe (from all documented episodes) flare were provided at clinician's discretion. Results: Fifty-eight patients were recruited from 12 centres in nine CEE countries; median (range) age was 61 (16–92) years and 60.3% (35 out of 58) were female. The most common comorbidities were hypertension (43.1% [25 out of 58]) and hyperlipidaemia (32.8% [19 out of 58]). Thirty-four patients (58.6%) presented with concomitant plaque psoriasis before or during the course of GPP. Data from two separate flares were recorded in 26 individuals; in 32 patients, the most recent flare was reported as the most severe. Over 90% of patients with a flare episode classified as most severe by clinicians were hospitalized, with >75% of these individuals having a Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Physician Global Assessment (GPPGA) total score of 3 or 4. Systemic symptoms were more common in patients with a GPPGA score of 3 or 4 but were also manifest in individuals with a GPPGA score ≤2. A significant correlation was observed between a combined systemic disease score of clinical and laboratory features and both GPPGA total score (r = 0.385, p < 0.001) and GPPGA pustulation subscore (r = 0.305, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Considerable heterogeneity in the presentation of GPP flares was observed, both between patients and within-patient. All GPP flares were associated with a significant clinical burden, highlighting the unmet need for accurate and early diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Funding

FundersFunder number
Boehringer Ingelheim

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