BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a dreadful complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) associated with a poor prognosis. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is widely recommended by current treatment guidelines. AIM: To evaluate the in-hospital and 30-day mortality rate and to determine independent predictors of mortality in a cohort of unselected consecutive patients with CS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rabin Medical Center cardiac catheterization laboratory database was analyzed between 1/2000 and 8/2003. Fifty of the 472 patients (10.6%) treated using emergent PCI for AMI had cardiogenic shock on presentation. Patients with cardiogenic shock were older, more likely to be female and with higher frequency of co-morbidities. The time from symptom onset until seeking medical treatment was longer in cardiogenic shock patients. In-hospital mortality rate was 48.0% in the cardiogenic shock group as compared to 3.3% in the non-cardiogenic shock group (P<0.0001). In patients with shock, total mortality after 30 days was 52% (26/50). Most of these patients (25/26) died within 48 hours following admission because of refractory cardiogenic shock. A multivariate analysis adjusted for baseline differences showed that age 3≥75 years (odds ratio [OR]: 11; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.0-1.24, P=0.05), and the use of GP 2b/3a antagonist (OR: 0.97; 95% CI: 0.95-1.0, P=0.05), were independent predictors of all cause mortality at 30 days. CONCLUSION: Cardiogenic shock remains an important cause of mortality in AMI. Younger age and the use of GP 2b/3a antagonists during primary PCI for cardiogenic shock patients seems to be associated with better clinical outcomes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Cardiovascular Interventions|
|State||Published - Dec 2005|
- Cardiogenic shock
- Myocardial infarction