Changes in Serum Creatinine May Cause Hypoglycemia among Non-Critically Ill Patients Admitted to Internal Medicine Units

Boris Zingerman, Israel Khanimov, Mordechai Shimonov, Mona Boaz, Benaya Rozen-Zvi, Eyal Leibovitz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The association between changes in serum creatinine levels and hypoglycemia during hospitalization was investigated. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of medical charts. Patients were categorized as having significant change in creatinine (SCIC) when serum creatinine levels rose or dropped ≥ 0.3 mg/dL from admission values at any time during their hospitalization. Patients were considered hypoglycemic if they had at least one documented glucose level ≤ 70 mg/dL during the hospitalization. Multiple logistic, linear and Cox regression analyses were used to ascertain the association between incident SCIC, severity and timing with incident hypoglycemia. Results: Included were 25,400 (mean age 69.9 ± 18.0, 49.3% were males). The rate of SCIC was 22.2%, and 62.2% of them were diagnosed upon admission. Patients with SCIC had a higher incidence of hypoglycemia compared to patients without (13.1% vs. 4.1%, respectively, p < 0.001). Patients with SCIC had an increased risk of hypoglycemia (OR 1.853, 95% CI 1.586–2.166, p < 0.001). The magnitude of SCIC was associated with the incidence (OR 1.316, 95% CI 1.197–1.447, p < 0.001) and the number of events (HR 0.054, 95% CI 0.021–0.087, p = 0.001). More than 60% of patients with hypoglycemia had their first event documented during days 0–6 after SCIC occurrence. Of those, the majority of events occurred on day 0–1, and the rate showed a gradual decrease throughout the first 5 days from SCIC occurrence. The results were similar for patients with and without DM. Conclusions: Changes in creatinine during hospitalization may cause hypoglycemia among patients admitted to internal medicine departments, regardless of DM status.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6852
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • acute kidney injury
  • creatinine
  • diabetes mellitus
  • hypoglycemia


Dive into the research topics of 'Changes in Serum Creatinine May Cause Hypoglycemia among Non-Critically Ill Patients Admitted to Internal Medicine Units'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this