Changes in renal enzyme activities following the administration of gentamicin to unilateral nephrectomized rats

Gideon Avidan, Mordechay Aladjem, Bat Ami Israeli, Eitan Bogin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of unilateral nephrectomy and the impact of gentamicin administration on renal tissue enzyme activities in adult Wistar rats were investigated. Gentamicin 200 mg/kg body wt. or an equivalent volume of saline to control rats was administered subcutaneously on three consecutive days, followed by unilateral nephrectomy. Rats were killed on day 3, 7 or 14 following nephrectomy. Alkaline phosphatase, predominantly a proximal tubular brush border enzyme, rose in both the experimental and control groups, however, significantly less in the gentamicin treated rats. Aspartate aminotransferase activity, an enzyme participating in renal glucogenesis, increased transiently in the control but remained unchanged in the experimental group. No difference in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity between the two groups was observed, probably reflecting the localization of this enzyme to distal tubular segments, a site unaffected by gentamicin. Significant and similar increases in Mg2+ and Na+K+ATPase were observed on day 14 in both groups. The administration of the drug resulted in a marked reduction in oxygen consumption, with a higher oxidation to phosphorylation ratio (P/O). Serum creatinine concentration was significantly higher on days 3 and 7 in the experimental group reverting to control values on the 14th day. Urea concentration increased significantly on days 3 and 7, decreasing on the 14th day to values slightly, but significantly, higher than those of the controls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume155
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Feb 1986
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gentamicin nephrotoxicity
  • Renal enzymes
  • Renal hypertrophy

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