Changes in plasma amino acids metabolites, caused by long-term IGF-I deficiency, are reversed by IGF-I treatment – A pilot study

Chen Barazani, Haim Werner, Zvi Laron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Laron Syndrome (LS), (OMIM# 262500), a rare recessively inherited disease caused by deletions or mutations of the GH receptor, gene characterized by dwarfism with low or undetectable serum IGF-I in the presence of high serum GH. In addition to dwarfism, the IGF-I deficiency leads to metabolic abnormalities including aberrations in protein biosynthesis and homeostasis. The only available treatment for LS patients is (r)IGF-I administration. The present study was aimed to determine the plasma concentrations of specific amino acids and their metabolites in the blood of untreated and IGF-I-treated LS patients. The study involved a total of 10 LS patients (3 untreated and 7 treated), 2 heterozygote mothers and 3aged subjects. Forty healthy boys and girls served as controls. The analysis of amino acids and their metabolites was performed using the LC-MS/MS analysis and Waters Acc-Q Tag ultra-derivatization kit. Serum IGF-I levels were measured by a one-step sandwich chemiluminescence immunoassay. The results revealed that long-term IGF-I deficiency in LS patients led to abnormal changes in the plasma amino acids metabolism, such as low levels of plasma citrulline, sarcosine and taurine that increased upon IGF-I replacement. The plasma amino acid levels of the heterozygous family members resembled those of the untreated LS patients, whereas the pattern in the 2 double heterozygote sisters previously treated with IGF-I resembled that of the presently IGF-I-treated patients. In addition, plasma ɑ-amino adipic acid levels were elevated in both untreated and IGF-I-treated patients. In summary our data revealed that LS patients, a condition associated with congenital IGF-I deficiency, have an abnormal plasma amino acid metabolism that is partially restored by IGF-I treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101312
JournalGrowth Hormone and IGF Research
Volume52
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Amino acid metabolism
  • IGF-I deficiency
  • IGF-I treatment
  • Laron syndrome
  • Protein metabolism

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