Cervical polyp in the menopause and the need for fractional dilatation and curettage

Alexander Neri*, Boris Kaplan, David Rabinerson, Jardena Ovadia, Diana Braslavsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the need for fractional dilatation and curettage following excision of symptomatic versus asymptomatic cervical polyps. Study Design: A prospective study was carried out on 467 women who were referred for treatment of symptomatic (accompanied by vaginal bleeding or discharge) or asymptomatic cervical polyps, from January 1, 1990 to December 31, 1992. Of these, 204 were premenopausal and 263 postmenopausal. Every excision of a cervical polyp was followed by a dilatation and curettage. The histological data were evaluated statistically using the x2-test. Results: Postmenopausal women had more asymptomatic than symptomatic cervical polyps (P = 0.004). Cervical polyps were associated with more endometrial polyps in the postmenopausal than in the premenopausal women (P = 0.0009). Postmenopausal women with symptomatic cervical polyps had more endometrial abnormalities on histological examination than those with asymptomatic ones (P < 0.0001); this difference was not significant in the premenopausal group (P = 0.49). Conclusions: While neither symptomatic nor asymptomatic cervical polyps are an indication for dilatation and curettage (following excision) in women in their reproductive years, and do not affect their management or prognosis, this is not the case in postmenopausal women. Symptomatic cervical polyps after the menopause must be excised and followed by mandatory fractional dilatation and curettage, because there is a marked incidence of associated severe pathological conditions in this age group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-55
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1995

Keywords

  • Cervical polyp
  • Menopause
  • Reproductive years

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