Ceruloplasmin as a Marker of Neoplastic Activity in Rabbits Bearing the VX-2 Carcinoma

Hanna Ungar-Waron, Anita Gluckman, Eliahu Spira, Mordechai Waron, Ze'ev Trainin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The establishment of an experimental model with rabbits in which VX-2 carcinoma was implanted in the gastrocnemius muscle and subsequently successfully cured by a second tumor cell inoculation has been reported previously. Tumor growth and regression could be followed by manual palpation. The changes in serum ceruloplasmin (CP, EC levels of individual rabbits during tumor development and regression were followed. CP levels increased 4-to 8-fold of normal during the progression of the malignant process, often before tumors could be detected by palpation. With tumor regression CP levels returned to normal. When metastasis developed, the CP levels remained high. This phenomenon seems to be related to the VX-2 carcinoma, since CP levels in rabbits challenged with various antigens and suffering from induced multiple s.c. abscesses did not change significantly, while in pregnant rabbits CP levels increased up to at most 3-fold. It is concluded that serum CP level can serve as a reliable biochemical marker of the activity of this malignant process. The practical application of this finding lies in the follow-up of malignant processes in humans and is now under investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1296-1299
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1978
Externally publishedYes


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