Cerebrovascular accidents after percutaneous coronary interventions from 2002 to 2014: Incidence, outcomes, and associated variables

Romain Didier, Michael A. Gaglia, Edward Koifman, Sarkis Kiramijyan, Smita I. Negi, Al Fazir Omar, Jiaxing Gai, Rebecca Torguson, Augusto D. Pichard, Ron Waksman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and transient ischemic attack (TIA) related to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are relatively rare complications, but they are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Given the evolution of both CVA risk and PCI techniques over time, this study was conducted to evaluate trends in CVA and TIA associated with PCI and to identify variables associated with neurologic events. Methods Consecutive patients undergoing PCI at the Washington Hospital Center between January 2002 and June 2015 were included. Prespecified data were prospectively collected, including baseline and procedural characteristics, in-hospital outcomes, and 1-year mortality. The subjects who had a CVA or TIA during or immediately after PCI were compared with those without procedure-associated CVA or TIA. Results Overall, 25,626 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 65.0 ± 12.4 years, 16,949 (65.2%) were male, and 7,436 (28.6%) were African American. From 2002 to 2015, 110 neurologic events post-PCI were diagnosed (0.43%); this included 86 CVAs (0.34%) and 24 TIAs (0.09%). The annual rate of postprocedural neurologic events was 0.42% ± 0.12%. There were significant changes in baseline risk factors over time, with increasing age, incidence of insulin-dependent diabetes, and chronic kidney disease. Patients with neurologic events were more often African American (43.6% vs 28.6%, P <.001) with prior history of CVA (24.5% vs 7.8%, P <.001), chronic renal insufficiency (26.6% vs 15.2%, P <.001), and insulin-dependent diabetes (19.1% vs 12.4%, P =.03). Acute myocardial infarction (56% vs 30.4%, P <.001) and cardiogenic shock (20.2% vs 3%, P <.001) were also more common among patients with neurologic events post-PCI. After multivariable adjustment, use of an intraaortic balloon pump was strongly associated with neurologic events (odds ratio [OR] 4.9, 95% CI 2.7-8.8, P <.001), as was prior CVA (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.4-4.4, P =.002) and African American race (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.5-3.9, P <.001); there was a borderline association with the use of a thrombus extraction device (OR 1.7, 95% CI 0.9-3.2, P =.09). In-hospital mortality (20.0% vs 1.5%, P <.001) and 1-year mortality (45.0% vs 7.3%, P <.001) were also much higher in patients with neurologic events. Conclusion Neurologic events post-PCI are associated with markedly worse in-hospital outcomes. The incidence of CVA and TIA post-PCI, however, remained stable over the last 12 years despite an increase in risk factors for CVA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-87
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
StatePublished - Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes


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