Cerebrospinal fluid and plasma concentrations of dipyrone metabolites after a single oral dose of dipyrone

O. Cohen, E. Zylber-Katz, Y. Caraco, L. Granit, M. Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Dipyrone is a veteran analgesic and antipyretic drug. After oral administration it is rapidly converted by hydrolysis to 4- methylaminoantipyrine (MAA), which is further metabolized to 4- formylaminoantipyrine (FAA), 4-aminoantipyrine (AA) and 4- acetylaminoantipyrine (AAA). It is still debated whether the site of dipyrone action is in the central nervous system or in the periphery. The purpose of this study was to assess whether dipyrone metabolites cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) when administered systemically. Methods: Twenty-eight patients undergoing diagnostic lumbar puncture (LP) were randomly assigned to receive two 0.5-g dipyrone tablets either 30 min, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 8 h or 12 h before the lumbar tap. A 5-ml blood sample was drawn concomitantly. Results: All four metabolites were found in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Their appearance in the CSF lagged but followed that found in the plasma. Mean CSF/plasma ratios were 0.40 (for samples taken between 0.5-2 h) and 0.83 (for samples taken between 4-12 h) for MAA, 0.62 for AA, 0.55 for FAA and 0.40 for AAA (for all samples). Significant correlation was found between plasma and CSF concentrations for MAA, AA, FAA and AAA. Conclusion: The concentration- time course of dipyrone metabolite CSF concentrations are in agreement with that of their plasma concentrations and the analgesic effect of dipyrone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-553
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Dipyrone


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