Central nervous system involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus: An imaging challenge

Gal Yaniv*, Gilad Twig, Oshry Mozes, Gahl Greenberg, Chen Hoffmann, Yehuda Shoenfeld

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disorder involving multiple organs. One of the main sites of SLE morbidity is the central nervous system (CNS), specifically the brain. In this article we review several imaging modalities used for CNS examination in SLE patients. These modalities are categorized as morphological and functional. Special attention is given to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its specific sequences such as diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), diffuse tensor imaging (DTI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). These modalities allow us to better understand CNS involvement in SLE patients, its pathophysiology and consequences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-386
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Diffuse tensor imaging (DTI)
  • Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE)
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)


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