Cellular basis for atrial fibrillation in an experimental model of short QT1: Implications for a pharmacological approach to therapy

Eyal Nof, Alexander Burashnikov, Charles Antzelevitch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Short QT (SQT) syndrome (SQT) 1 is an inherited sudden death syndrome often associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). We examined the cellular basis for AF in a newly developed experimental atrial model of SQT1. Methods: Action potentials (APs) were recorded from the pectinate muscle (PM) and crista terminalis (CT) regions of coronary-perfused canine right atrial preparations, together with a pseudoelectrocardiogram. The IKr agonist PD-118057 (20 μM) was used to mimic the gain of function in IKr known to underlie SQT1. Results: The IKr agonist significantly abbreviated the AP duration (APD) of CT and PM and of the effective refractory period (ERP) measured in PM (n = 28). Spatial dispersion of repolarization (SDR), defined as inter-regional differences of APD, increased from 27 ± 17 ms to 51 ± 32 ms (P = .002; n = 28). AF could be induced by a single premature stimulus after but not before exposure to PD-118057 in 26/28 (93%) preparations. Quinidine (10 μM), which prolonged APD and ERP, but not lidocaine (20 μM) or E-4031 (5 μM), which prolonged only ERP or APD, respectively, was effective in preventing the PD-118057-mediated AF. In the presence of PD-118057, isoproterenol (100 nM) further abbreviated both APD and ERP and facilitated induction of sustained AF in five of six preparations. Conclusions: The IKr agonist recapitulates the electrophysiologic and arrhythmic manifestations of SQT1. Abbreviation of APD and ERP and amplification of SDR predispose to the development of AF by creating the substrate for reentry. Quinidine, but not E-4031 or lidocaine, was effective in preventing AF in this setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-257
Number of pages7
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
National Heart, Lung, and Blood InstituteR55HL047678

    Keywords

    • Antiarrhythmic drugs
    • Arrhythmia
    • Electrophysiology
    • Isoproterenol
    • Quinidine

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