Cellular and humoral immune responses to heat shock protein 65 are both involved in promoting fatty-streak formation in LDL-receptor deficient mice

Jacob George, Arnon Afek, Boris Gilburd, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Dror Harats

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the role of cellular and humoral immune responses to heat shock protein 65 (HSP65) in murine atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND: Inflammatory processes appear to influence the progression of atherosclerosis. Immunization with HSP65 was previously shown to induce arteriosclerosis in rabbits and to enhance fatty-streak formation in mice. However, it has not been demonstrated directly whether HSP65-reactive antibodies and lymphocytes are separately capable of influencing lesion formation. METHODS: Low density lipoprotein-receptor deficient (LDL-RD) mice were immunized with HSP65 or control bovine serum albumin (BSA). Lymph-node cells, splenocytes and immunoglobulin G (IgG) were obtained from the immunized mice and transferred separately to six groups of syngenic LDL-RD mice. RESULTS: Adoptive transfer of HSP65-reactive lymph node cells increased fatty-streak formation in comparison with mice treated with BSA-primed cells. Similarly, transfer of splenocytes reactive with HSP65 led to enhanced fatty-streak generation compared with mice injected with BSA-sensitized splenocytes. Repeated intraperitoneal administration of IgG from serum of HSP65-immunized mice (every 10 days) enhanced fatty-streak formation in mice in comparison with their anti-BSA-IgG injected littermates. CONCLUSIONS: Antibodies and lymphocytes reactive to HSP65 promote fatty-streak formation in mice, providing direct evidence for the proatherogenic properties of cellular and humoral immunity to HSP65.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-905
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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