Vacuolar H+-ATPases function in generating protonmotive force across the membranes of organelles connected with the vacuolar system of eukaryotic cells. This family of H+-ATPases is distinct from the two other families of H+-ATPases, the plasma membrane-type and the eubacterial-type. One of the subunits of the vacuolar H+-ATPase binds N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD) and has been implicated in the proton-conducting activity of these enzymes. We have cloned and sequenced the gene encoding the DCCD-binding protein (proteolipid) of the H+-ATPase of bovine chromaffin granules. The gene encodes a highly hydrophobic protein of 15,849 Da. Hydropathy plots revealed four transmembrane segments, one of which contains a glutamic residue that is the likely candidate for the DCCD binding site. Sequence homology with the vacuolar proteolipid and with the proteolipids of eubacterial-type H+-ATPases was detected. The proteolipids from Escherichia coli, spinach chloroplasts, and yeast mitochondria matched better to the NH2-terminal part of the vacuolar protein. The proteolipids of bovine mitochondria and Neurospora mitochondria matched better to the COOH-terminal end of the vacuolar proteolipid. These findings suggest that the proteolipids of the vacuolar H+-ATPases were evolved in parallel with the eubacterial proteolipid, from a common ancestral gene that underwent gene duplication.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1988|