CD14 receptor expression and lipopolysaccharide-induced cytokine production in preterm and term neonates

Hanna Bessler*, L. Komlos, I. Punsky, J. A. Ntambi, M. Bergman, R. Straussberg, L. Sirota

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

CD14 expression and the capacity of mononuclear cells (MC) from preterm and term neonates to secrete the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL) 1β, tumor necrosis factor α and IL-6 in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated and compared to that of adults. MC were incubated with various doses of LPS, and the cytokine level in the supernatants was tested. CD14 receptors on MC and the intensity of their expression were analyzed. MC of preterm and term neonates and adults responded to LPS with low, medium and high proinflammatory cytokine production, respectively. CD14 expression was lowest in preterm infants, intermediate in term infants and highest in adults. The difference between term and preterm neonates for both parameters was significant. The results suggest a possible correlation between the lower expression of CD14 receptor on neonatal cells and the reduced secretion of proinflammatory cytokines by these cells. This decreased production may possibly contribute to the low ability of neonates to develop fever.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-192
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of the Neonate
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • CD14 receptors
  • Cytokines
  • Lipopolysaccharide

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