Caveolin-1 up-regulates IGF-I receptor gene transcription in breast cancer cells via Sp1- and p53-dependent pathways

Chen Glait, Lilach Tencer, Dana Ravid, Rive Sarfstein, Mordechai Liscovitch, Haim Werner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system plays an important role in the biology of breast cancer. Most of the biological actions of IGF-I and IGF-II are mediated by the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR), a membrane-bound heterotetramer with potent antiapoptotic and cell survival activities. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is one of the main components of caveolae, and it has been shown to interact with multiple signaling molecules. In view of the important roles of IGF-IR and Cav-1 in oncogenically transformed mammary gland cells, in the present study we addressed the potential regulation of IGF-IR gene expression by Cav-1. The results obtained showed that MCF7/Cav-1 cells, expressing the Cav-1 gene in a stable manner, contain significantly higher levels of IGF-IR protein and mRNA than native MCF7 cells. These elevated levels of expression are mediated at the level of transcription, as shown by the results of experiments showing that the activity of the proximal IGF-IR promoter was higher in Cav-1-expressing MCF7 cells than in untransfected MCF7 cells. Furthermore, in subcellular localization studies, intensive IGF-IR staining in membrane ruffles and projections in MCF7/Cav-1 cells were noted, in contrast to typical membrane staining in MCF7 cells. In addition, we demonstrated that transcriptional activation of the IGF-IR gene by Cav-1 requires an intact p53 signaling pathway, since Cav-1 was unable to elevate IGF-IR levels in p53-null cells. Finally, the effect of Cav-1 was associated with an elevation in the levels of Sp1, a zinc-finger protein with important roles in IGF-IR gene transactivation. In summary, we identified the IGF-IR gene as a downstream target for Cav-1 action in breast cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3899-3908
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume312
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2006

Keywords

  • Cav-1
  • Caveolae
  • IGF-I receptor
  • Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)
  • Transcription
  • p53

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