Cattle drivers from the north? Animal economy of a diasporic Kura-Araxes community at Tel Bet Yerah

Gwendoline Maurer*, Raphael Greenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Kura-Araxes animal management strategies in the core regions of the tradition and in areas of its 3rd millennium expansion have seen only sporadic study. Recently excavated contexts at Tel Bet Yerah were occupied in the first part of the Early Bronze Age III (c. 2850–2700 BCE) by people using Khirbet Kerak Ware and accompanying artifacts associated with a diasporic Kura-Araxes cultural tradition; they provide a rich zooarchaeological assemblage that may be contrasted with that of the local Levantine population, underscoring social and cultural distinctions maintained by the diasporic community. Focusing on the cattle assemblages in Kura-Araxes sites, their use for traction and transport is explored, as well as their role in maintaining cultural identity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-330
Number of pages22
JournalLevant
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Early Bronze Age (EB III)
  • Khirbet Kerak
  • Kura-Araxes
  • Tel Bet Yerah
  • cattle husbandry
  • culinary practices
  • southern Levant
  • traction complex

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