Cat-scratch disease: ocular manifestations and treatment outcome

Zohar Habot-Wilner*, Omer Trivizki, Michaella Goldstein, Anat Kesler, Shiri Shulman, Josepha Horowitz, Radgonde Amer, Ran David, Yael Ben-Arie-Weintrob, Erez Bakshi, Yehoshua Almog, Gil Sartani, Vicktoria Vishnevskia-Dai, Michal Kramer, Asaf Bar, Rinat Kehat, Moshe Ephros, Michael Giladi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To characterize cat-scratch disease (CSD) ocular manifestations and visual outcome and evaluate the effect of systemic antibiotics and corticosteroids on final visual acuity (VA). Methods: Multicentre retrospective cohort study. Medical records of 86 patients with ocular disease (107 eyes) of 3222 patients identified in a national CSD surveillance study were reviewed. Results: Mean age was 35.1 ± 14.2 years. Median follow-up was 20 weeks (range 1–806 weeks). Of 94/107 (88%) eyes with swollen disc, 60 (64%) had neuroretinitis at presentation, 14 (15%) developed neuroretinitis during follow-up, and 20 (21%) were diagnosed with inflammatory disc oedema. Optic nerve head lesion, uveitis, optic neuropathy and retinal vessel occlusion were found in 43 (40%), 38 (36%), 34 (33%) and 8 (7%) eyes, respectively. Good VA (better than 20/40), moderate vision loss (20/40–20/200) and severe vision loss (worse than 20/200) were found in 26/79 (33%), 35/79 (44%) and 18/79 (23%) eyes at baseline and in 63/79 (80%), 11/79 (14%) and 5/79 (6%) eyes at final follow-up, respectively (p < 0.001). Significant VA improvement (defined as improvement of ≥3 Snellen lines at final follow-up compared to baseline) occurred in 12/24 (50%) eyes treated with antibiotics compared with 14/16 (88%) eyes treated with antibiotics and corticosteroids (p = 0.02). Multivariate logistic regression was suggestive of the same association (odds ratio 7.0; 95% CI 1.3–37.7; p = 0.024). Conclusion: Optic nerve head lesion is a common and unique manifestation of ocular CSD. Most patients improved and had final good VA. Combined antibiotics and corticosteroid treatment was associated with a better visual outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e524-e532
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 2018


  • Bartonella henselae
  • cat-scratch disease
  • neuroretinitis
  • ocular manifestations
  • treatments
  • uveitis


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