Case report: Robust response of metastatic clear cell sarcoma treated with cabozantinib and immunotherapy

Rakefet Sidlik Muskatel*, Nir Pillar, Jeremy Godefroy, Michal Lotem, Gal Goldstein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clear Cell Sarcoma (CCS), also referred to as malignant melanoma of soft parts, is a rare and aggressive malignant tumor. It comprises 1% of all soft tissue sarcomas and is known to be radio- and chemotherapy resistant. CCS shares morphological and immunohistochemical features with malignant melanoma, including melanin biosynthesis and melanocytic markers. However, it is distinct for the presence of EWSR1-ATF1 translocation which activates MITF transcription factor. We report here of an aggressive case of CCS in a 9-year-old patient, which demonstrates the critical role of molecular analysis in the diagnosis and treatment of uncommon cancer variants in the era of personalized medicine. The EWSR1-ATF1 translocation induces pathological c-Met activation, and so, following unsuccessful CTLA4 and PD-1 blockade immunotherapy, the child received cabozantinib, a small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor, with the intent to block c-Met oncogenic effect. In parallel, active immunization, using hapten di-nitrophenyl modified autologous tumor cells was administered with monotherapy PD-1 inhibitor nivolumab. Under this “triplet” therapy, the patient attained an initial partial response and was progression-free for 2 years, in good performance status and resumed schooling. Based on our observation, cabozantinib can be used as an effective and potentially life-prolonging treatment in CCS. We suggest that priming the child’s immune system using her autologous tumor and combating T cell exhaustion with PD-1 blockade may have synergized with the targeted therapy. Combining targeted and immunotherapy is a rapidly growing practice in solid tumors and provides a glimpse of hope in situations that previously lacked any treatment option.

Original languageEnglish
Article number940927
JournalFrontiers in Pediatrics
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EWSR1-ATF1 translocation
  • MET inhibitor
  • cabozantinib
  • clear cell sarcoma
  • immunotherapy

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