A previously healthy young man presented with a chronic cavitary pulmonary infection that began while in Goa, India. Burkholderia pseudomallei was cultured from sputum samples. The infection fully resolved after prolonged antibiotic treatment. Other than traveling during the monsoon season, extensive use of well-water for water-pipe smoking of cannabis was identified as a possible risk factor for infection. This is one of the first reports of travel-associated melioidosis from India. Genomic and immunological characterization suggested that the B. pseudomallei isolate collected from the reported case exhibited limited similarity to other B. pseudomallei strains.