Background: Mild heart failure (HF) patients without left bundle branch block (LBBB) did not derive a significant reduction in risk of a HF event/death in the MADIT-CRT trial (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy). However, the efficacy of CRT with a defibrillator (CRT-D) may be modified after the development of the first hospitalization for HF (HHF). We aimed to study the effect of CRT-D on long-term risk of recurrent HHF in patients without LBBB in MADIT-CRT. Methods: Data on recurring HHF were collected for 1818 subjects. The CRT-D versus implantable cardioverter-defibrillator-only risk for first and subsequent HHF was assessed by QRS morphology in on-treatment analysis using Cox proportional hazards regression modeling. Results: During long-term follow-up, 412 patients had =1 HHF and 333 had =2 HHF. Multivariate analysis revealed that in LBBB patients, CRT-D, compared with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, was associated with a significant reduction in risk of first and subsequent HHF (first: hazard ratio, 0.41 [95% CI, 0.31-0.54], P<0.001; subsequent: hazard ratio, 0.45 [95% CI, 0.29-0.70], P<0.001). Among patients without LBBB, the benefit of CRT-D was nonsignificant for the first HHF (hazard ratio, 0.96; P=0.808). However, after occurrence of a first HHF, CRT-D therapy was associated with a pronounced 44% reduction in risk of subsequent HHF (hazard ratio, 0.56 [95% CI, 0.32-0.97], P=0.039). Patients without LBBB with =1 HHF during the first year of follow-up demonstrated increasing dyssynchrony at 1 year compared with those who had no HHF (P=0.016). Conclusions: In MADIT-CRT, we show a beneficial effect of CRT-D in patients without LBBB subsequent to development of a first HHF, possibly due to increased dyssynchrony associated with HF progression.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Circulation: Heart Failure|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 2020|
- bundle branch block
- cardiac resynchronization therapy
- heart failure