Cardiac fibroblast-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived exosomes as a potential therapeutic mean for heart failure

Efrat Kurtzwald-Josefson, Naama Zeevi-Levin, Victor Rubchevsky, Neta Bechar Erdman, Orna Schwartz Rohaker, Ortal Nahum, Edith Hochhauser, Ben Ben-Avraham, Joseph Itskovitz-Eldor, Dan Aravot, Yaron D. Barac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The limited regenerative capacity of the injured myocardium leads to remodeling and often heart failure. Novel therapeutic approaches are essential. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) differentiated into cardiomyocytes are a potential future therapeutics. We hypothesized that organ-specific reprogramed fibroblasts may serve an advantageous source for future cardiomyocytes. Moreover, exosomes secreted from those cells may have a beneficial effect on cardiac differentiation and/or function. We compared RNA from different sources of human iPSC using chip gene expression. Protein expression was evaluated as well as exosome micro-RNA levels and their impact on embryoid bodies (EBs) differentiation. Statistical analysis identified 51 genes that were altered (p ≤ 0.05), and confirmed in the protein level, cardiac fibroblasts-iPSCs (CF-iPSCs) vs. dermal fibroblasts-iPSCs (DF-iPSCs). Several miRs were altered especially miR22, a key regulator of cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling. Lower expression of miR22 in CF-iPSCs vs. DF-iPSCs was observed. EBs treated with these exosomes exhibited more beating EBs p = 0.05. vs. control. We identify CF-iPSC and its exosomes as a potential source for cardiac recovery induction. The decrease in miR22 level points out that our CF-iPSC-exosomes are naïve of congestive heart cell memory, making them a potential biological source for future therapy for the injured heart.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7215
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Exosome
  • Heart failure
  • IPSCs

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