Seventy-three patients with lip carcinoma were treated from 1970 to 1988 in the Otolaryngology Department of the Beilinson Medical Center. The most common histological type was squamous cell carcinoma which occurred in 68 patients; four tumours were basal cell carcinoma and one acinic cell carcinoma. Carcinoma of the lip is more frequent in males. Nevertheless, the frequency of carcinoma in females in our series was substantially higher than the average reported in the literature. Forty-nine patients were treated surgically and 24 patients were treated by irradiation. Analysis of the results among those treated by surgery and those treated by irradiation shows a difference in tumour local control which was statistically significant (p = 0.025). Surgical treatment is recommended because of the advantage of tumour margin assessment, avoidance of radiotherapy complications and rapid rehabilitation. Two rare cases of carcinoma of the lip in young patients (age under 20 years) are presented.