Carbon-Nitride Popcorn—A Novel Catalyst Prepared by Self-Propagating Combustion of Nitrogen-Rich Triazenes

Jinchao Ma*, Jagadish Das, Jiaheng Zhang, Jian Cheng, Saurav Sorcar, Brian A. Rosen, Pini Shekhter, Roman Dobrovetsky, Eli Flaxer, Yinon Yavor, Ruiqi Shen*, Ilia Kaminker, Amir Goldbourt*, Michael Gozin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The interest in development of non-graphitic polymeric carbon nitrides (PCNs), with various C-to-N ratios, having tunable electronic, optical, and chemical properties is rapidly increasing. Here the first self-propagating combustion synthesis methodology for the facile preparation of novel porous PCN materials (PCN3-PCN7) using new nitrogen-rich triazene-based precursors is reported. This methodology is found to be highly precursor dependent, where variations in the terminal functional groups in the newly designed precursors (compounds 3–7) lead to different combustion behaviors, and morphologies of the resulted PCNs. The foam-type highly porous PCN5, generated from self-propagating combustion of 5 is comprehensively characterized and shows a C-to-N ratio of 0.67 (C3N4.45). Thermal analyses of PCN5 formulations with ammonium perchlorate (AP) reveal that PCN5 has an excellent catalytic activity in the thermal decomposition of AP. This catalytic activity of PCN5 is further evaluated in a closer-to-application scenario, showing an increase of 18% in the burn rate of AP-Al-HTPB (with 2 wt% of PCN5) solid composite propellant. The newly developed template- and additive-free self-propagating combustion synthetic methodology using specially designed nitrogen-rich precursors should provide a novel platform for the preparation of non-graphitic PCNs with a variety of building block chemistries, morphologies, and properties suitable for a broad range of technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2205994
Issue number12
StatePublished - 22 Mar 2023


FundersFunder number
ADAMA Center for Novel Delivery Systems
Israel Ministry of Innovation, Science and Technology
Israel Space Agency
Tel Aviv University


    • burn rate modifiers
    • carbon nitrides
    • combustion synthesis
    • triazenes


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