Capillary leakage in travelers with dengue infection: Implications for pathogenesis

Eyal Meltzer, Zahava Heyman, Hanna Bin, Eli Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is characterized by the presence of a capillary leak syndrome. Its pathogenesis is presumed to differ from that of classical dengue fever (DF) and to be associated with secondary dengue infection. Returning travelers given a diagnosis of DF were evaluated for capillary leakage with abdominal sonography. Data were compared between travelers with primary/secondary infection defined by epidemiologic and serologic parameters. A total of 12 (34.3%) of 35 patients had sonographic signs of capillary leakage. Most (85%) patients with capillary leakage had classical DF. Capillary leak was diagnosed in 32% of primary dengue cases and in 40% of secondary dengue cases (P = 0.69). The two patients given a diagnosis of dengue hemorrhagic fever had primary infections. The high prevalence of capillary leakage among travelers, most of them with primary exposure to dengue, calls into question the importance of secondary infection in causing capillary leakage in dengue infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-539
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

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