Capability of long distance 100 GHz FMCW using a single GDD lamp sensor

Assaf Levanon*, Daniel Rozban, Avihai Aharon, Natan S. Kopeika, Yitzhak Yitzhaky, Amir Abramovich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Millimeter wave (MMW)-based imaging systems are required for applications in medicine, homeland security, concealed weapon detection, and space technology. The lack of inexpensive room temperature imaging sensors makes it difficult to provide a suitableMMWsystem for many of the above applications. A 3D MMW imaging system based on chirp radar was studied previously using a scanning imaging system of a single detector. The radar system requires that the millimeter wave detector will be able to operate as a heterodyne detector. Since the source of radiation is a frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW), the detected signal as a result of heterodyne detection gives the object's depth information according to value of difference frequency, in addition to the reflectance of the 2D image. New experiments show the capability of long distance FMCW detection by using a large scale Cassegrain projection system, described first (to our knowledge) in this paper. The system presents the capability to employ a long distance of at least 20 m with a low-cost plasma-based glow discharge detector (GDD) focal plane array (FPA). Each point on the object corresponds to a point in the image and includes the distance information. This will enable relatively inexpensive 3D MMW imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8549-8555
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number36
StatePublished - 20 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


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