Can the Norton Scale Score Be Used as an Adjunct Tool for Implantable Defibrillator Patient Selection? A Retrospective Single-Center Cohort Study

Shir Ben Asher Kestin*, Ariel Israel, Eran Leshem, Anat Milman, Avi Sabbag, Ilan Goldengerg, Eyal Nof, Roy Beinart*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

(1) Background: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have become the standard of care in the prevention of sudden cardiac death, yet studies have shown that competing causes of death may limit ICD benefits. The Norton scale is a pressure ulcer risk score shown to have prognostic value in other fields. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of the Norton scale as an aid for ICD patient selection; (2) Methods: The study was comprised of consecutive patients who underwent defibrillator implantation at Sheba Medical Center between 2008 and 2016. A competing risk analysis was performed to assess the likelihood of death prior to device therapy; (3) Results: 695 patients were included. A total of 59 (8.5%) patients had low admission Norton scale score (ANSS) (≤14), 81 (11.7%) had intermediate ANSS (15–17), and the remainder (79.8%) had high (18–20) ANSS. The cumulative probability of all-cause mortality within one year of ICD implantation in patients with low ANSS was 30%, compared with 20% and 7% among the intermediate- and high-ANSS groups, respectively. Moreover, the one-year mortality rate without ICD therapy in low-ANSS patients was over four-fold compared with that of high-ANSS patients (33% versus 7%, p < 0.0001); (4) Conclusions: The Norton scale could be a useful additional tool in predicting the life expectancy of ICD candidates, thereby improving patient selection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number214
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Norton scale
  • implantable cardioverter device
  • patient selection
  • pressure ulcer
  • sudden cardiac death

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